Seattle Children's Provider News

New Algorithms and Pathways: Eating Disorders, Head Shape and Febrile Seizure

Eating Disorders

The Adolescent Medicine team, in partnership with the Department of Psychiatry, at Seattle Children’s has created an eating disorders algorithm to help PCPs know when and how to refer patients with disordered eating to Adolescent Medicine, Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine (Psychiatry) or, in some cases, both.

Dr. Yolanda Evans, Adolescent Medicine, Eating Disorders Recovery Program

“We have a very high number of kids coming to our program for care, and our referral processes have changed over the last year as we’ve made care more accessible,” says Dr. Yolanda Evans. “We hope this new algorithm will clarify the referral process and help kids get their care started as quickly as possible.”

Patients referred to Psychiatry will meet with a clinical psychologist initially. If medication evaluation is needed, a separate appointment will be made with a prescribing provider (either an ARNP or psychiatrist).

“If the referring provider knows at the outset that their patient will need medication evaluation, they can submit 2 separate referrals initially to Psychiatry to speed up the process – one for the behavioral health evaluation with the psychologist and a second referral for medication evaluation with our psychiatrist or ARNP,” says Dr. Evans.

For those referring providers who request management of physiologic complications from malnutrition, all patients referred to Adolescent Medicine will receive a one-time telehealth consultation with a medical provider after which families will be offered support and resources to continue the patient’s care, either at Seattle Children’s if appropriate and care is available, or in the community. The Eating Disorders team will share the after-visit information with the referring provider to help guide continuing care of their patient.

The eating disorders algorithm is available along with 65+ other condition-specific resources for PCPs at

As a reminder, when referring a patient for eating disorders, please include their growth charts and exam notes. You do not need to send labs or an ECG; we removed this requirement last year to reduce work for PCPs and help patients be seen sooner.

For more details about referral requirements and additional resources for PCPs, please visit our Eating Disorders – Refer a Patient page. You may also like to read “Treatment for Eating Disorders: A Q&A and Case Study by Robyn Evans, ARNP” from our March 2022 issue of Provider News.


Head Shape

Seattle Children’s Craniofacial team has created a head shape algorithm to help PCPs evaluate and refer their patient to either Craniofacial or Physical Therapy depending on their presentation.

For infants under 4 months who have positional plagiocephaly or positional brachycephaly but don’t have limited range of motion or neck tilt, the algorithm recommends repositioning strategies with reassessment at 4 months. However, these babies are welcome to be referred directly to Craniofacial if the provider feels they need to be evaluated before 4 months. Repositioning resources are available on the Seattle Children’s website, with links provided in the algorithm.


Febrile seizure pathway

Seattle Children’s has updated its clinical standard work pathway for febrile seizure; find it here. Key changes include updated admit criteria and risk of intracranial infection guidance. Additional clinical standard work pathways for dozens of other conditions are available on our website.

Seattle Children’s Research Featured in Worldwide Study on COVID-19 Vaccine Safety in Young Children

Written by Casey Egan and Empress Rivera-Ruiz, On the Pulse, February 16, 2023.

New findings from Seattle Children’s Research Institute’s Center for Clinical and Translational Research reveal that a three-dose primary series of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine was safe and effective in children 6 months to 4 years of age, even when a new variant (Omicron) was circulating.

The findings were released on Feb. 16 in the New England Journal of Medicine by an international team conducting the study, including Seattle Children’s lead study investigator, Dr. Janet Englund.

“No data on a three-dose series of Pfizer mRNA vaccine has been previously published in young children,” said Dr. Englund.

Dr. Englund also noted that the findings demonstrate that three doses of the Pfizer vaccine offer better protection than two doses against the Omicron variant in this age group.

Studies of bivalent booster doses of the Pfizer mRNA vaccine are now ongoing at Seattle Children’s. This research continues under Seattle Children’s Pediatric Infectious Disease Research Group, directed by Dr. Englund.

Learn more here: COVID-19 Vaccine Found Safe, Effective for Youngest Children (



New Inpatient Unit Adds 20 Surgical Beds to Help Seattle Children’s Meet the Needs of Our Growing Region

Seattle Children’s new hospital wing, Forest B, opened 20 new surgical inpatient rooms on the 8th floor, bringing the total number of surgical inpatient beds at Seattle Children’s to 94 — a 27% increase.

The new inpatient rooms are single-occupant and primarily serve patients who are recovering from general surgery and urology procedures. The inpatient unit includes a lounge and kitchen for family use.

Forest B was completed in summer 2022 and has been opening in waves, with eight new operating rooms and two catheterization labs opening last October followed by the opening in December of the new outpatient space for the Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. Forest B sits adjacent to the Emergency Department and serves as the hospital’s new “front door.” Learn more.

Odessa Brown Children’s Clinic Update: On-Site Radiology Now Available, Clinic Is Fully Reopened

Odessa Brown Children’s Clinic (OBCC) Othello is now offering X-ray services. A provider referral is required.

Families can bring their child (age 0 to 18) in for an X-ray any time between the hours of 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, once they have a referral from their child’s provider. Appointments are not required.  To refer your patient, fax the Radiology Exam Request Form to 206-985-3128, send the original form with the patient or use EpicCare Link (the latter eliminates the risk of sending an order to the wrong fax number and avoids delays due to potential network errors).

Repairs are complete at OBCC Othello following water damage from a fire in December in the building where the clinic is located. The clinic is fully reopened. All clinic appointments are being held on-site as usual.

Introducing Dr. Terri Laguna, New Division Chief of Sleep and Pulmonary Medicine

Seattle Children’s is pleased to announced Dr. Terri Laguna has accepted the position of division chief of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine at Seattle Children’s.

She is coming to us from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago where she is division head of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine in the Department of Pediatrics at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and director of the Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia Center of Excellence. Read full post »

Sickle Cell Disease Program Creates New Pain Management Protocol and Expands Psychosocial, Neurological, Scheduling and Patient Navigation Support

Written by Elizabeth Dimarco, On the Pulse, February 28, 2023.

When patients and families with sickle cell disease (SCD) call Seattle Children’s to schedule appointments, they are greeted by the friendly voice of Enjoli Harris, who is a skilled member of the SCD patient scheduling team and a “sickle cell mom.”

Harris’ youngest child, Nehemiah, was diagnosed with SCD at birth almost 12 years ago and has been receiving care at Seattle Children’s, including at the Odessa Brown Children’s Clinic (OBCC), ever since. The frequent visits have helped Harris not only empathize with the concerns of families, but also better navigate their scheduling needs.

SCD is a group of blood conditions that affect hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells in the body. In the United States, approximately 100,000 Americans are affected by SCD, most of whom are of African or Hispanic heritage, however the disease can affect anyone, especially people of southern European, Middle Eastern or Asian Indian heritage.

Children with SCD go to a lot of appointments. At any given time, Harris juggles the schedules of more than 140 SCD families who need to arrange care visits for transcranial doppler ultrasounds, blood draws, pulmonary function tests, ophthalmology exams, nutritional support, physical therapy, speech therapy, psychological visits, cognitive screenings or pain management. The SCD team’s goal is to coordinate multiple appointments into one visit, so families don’t have to make numerous trips or take extra time off work. Read full post »

For Quicker Scheduling, Families Should Call Us Directly

As Seattle Children’s referral volumes continue to grow, we are hiring additional scheduling staff to keep pace with demand. But until we are fully staffed later this Spring, our pace of calling out to families to schedule their appointments will continue to be slower than we’d like.

In some cases, patients may get an appointment several weeks sooner if they proactively call to schedule instead of waiting for one of our schedulers to call them. 

When referring a patient to Seattle Children’s, please advise the family to call us to make their appointment (1-2 days after the referral is submitted).

We regret this inconvenience to families but believe this will help them receive better service in the short term.

CMEs, Grand Rounds and Other Events


  • Urgent Pediatric Problems, March 4, 2023, 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. at Sand Point Learning Center near Seattle Children’s. Category 1 CME. Brochure.
  • Sports Cardiology and Sudden Cardiac Death Prevention, April 17, 2023, 6 to 7 p.m. (virtual). Category 2 CME. Learn more and register.

Read full post »

New Medical Staff

Medical Staff

Jesse Michael Adams, MD, Child Psychiatry

Rebecca Mae Allen, MD, Child Psychiatry

Joshua David Bess, MD, Child Psychiatry

Anna Borisovskaya, MD, Child Psychiatry

Jeffrey Cohen, MD, Neurology

Theresa Laguna, MD, Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine

Aaron Bertrand Low, MD, Anesthesia

Shani Kay Norberg, MD, Neurology

Travis Piester, MD, Gastroenterology

Nazia Henna Rahman, MD, Emergency/Urgent Care

Jessica Yen, MD, Neurology


Allied Health Professionals

Chelsea Bajet, PA-C, Child Psychiatry

Jennifer Marie Cadigan, PhD, Child Psychiatry

Taira Alma Chaudry, ARNP, Child Psychiatry

Ko Eun Choi, BCBA, Child Psychiatry

Ileen Faith Cronin, ARNP, Cardiology

Katie Renee Emanuelson, ARNP, Hematology/Oncology

Sarah Nicole Herrington, ARNP, Neonatology

Sandra Lorena Benitez Kruidenier, PA-C, Anesthesia

Kelly Phuong Ha Thanh Luong, PA-C, Neonatology

Rose Kimberly MacLeod, LMFT, Child Psychiatry

Ashlee Marie Nollette, LMHC, Child Psychiatry


Hospital Capacity Update

Hospital capacity in Washington State

  • The Washington Medical Control Center (WMCC) is reporting a decrease in calls after their record numbers in December. WMCC is the regional transfer center developed during COVID-19 to ensure statewide situational awareness and to balance patient distribution across the state.
  • Hospitals across the state continue to report heavy adult ED boarding and most large hospital systems still have a census above 100%.
  • SARS-CoV2 is rising nationally and another surge is expected but we are not seeing significant rises in adult or pediatric hospitalizations for COVID-19 at this time.
  • The large pediatric patient surge we experienced in November has improved over the last two months.  There have not been any pediatric transfers that required WMCC since January 13.


Capacity at Seattle Children’s

  • The Emergency Department (ED) is seeing lower volumes than the record numbers of patients seen in November and is back to regular high winter volumes.   We continue to have high mental health boarding in the ED with high acuity with occasional longer waiting times.
  • Seattle Children’s inpatient census has remained above our historical baseline with high patient acuity and technological needs.
  • We are monitoring viral curves closely for RSV/influenza/other viruses.  We have seen a downward trend overall but will know more in the next few weeks.  We have not seen Influenza B yet but it generally follows Influenza A in late winter or early spring.
  • We are going live this week with a new post-procedural short stay unit to increase operative capacity that does not impact inpatient bed spaces.


When sending patients to the ED

  • Our ED is open and ready to care for your patients; please do not hesitate to send patients when the ED is the appropriate setting for care.
  • When sending patients to the ED, please call our ED Communications Center at 206-987-8899 to help us plan for their arrival.
  • Let families know they may experience longer waits for non-critical issues and that we continue to triage to identify and see the most emergent patients first.


We continue to be deeply grateful to our colleagues in the community who are working relentlessly to care for pediatric patients in primary care and preserve capacity in hospitals and urgent cares for those patients who need it most.  Thank you!


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